how long does it take to grow a pineapple : Many people don’t give pineapples a thought, but they’re actually easy to grow at home. They provide a great aroma to the house and really are quite refreshing.
How long does it take for a pineapple to grow? Generally speaking, it takes anywhere from 16 to 24 months to start seeing fruit. If you live outside of a tropical area or intend to grow it inside, it might take longer. This is because it takes 200 flowers to form one fruit.
Each segment on the skin of a pineapple was once a flower. It then became a berry which merged with other berries attached to the stalk to form the pineapple you see today.
A General Understanding of Time
Whether a pineapple plants grows indoors or outdoors, how it’s rooted and the planting zone all affect its growth.
A pineapple can bear fruit in as little as 16 months in a tropical climate outside. This is often the case in tropical locations like Hawaii.
However, if you’re trying to grow it indoors in a place like Florida, it can take as long as 24 months to flower and fruit. If you’re trying to grow it in a place like southern Illinois, you can expect it to take much longer.
The method of propagating pineapples will also affect how they grow and when they produce fruits.
Different Methods of Planting Pineapples
Planting from seeds is one way, but this is the long-term approach. Other options include replacing the top with slips, hapas, suckers or ratoons. The top is the only way the mother plant leaves its roots after it flowers, fruits and dies.
One thing you need to know: if a hole has been put in the crown of the fruit, you can’t plant it. Some of them do this as an intentional measure to prevent them from being able to plant.
If you plan on using a crown, know that the process may take 28 months or longer to grow and fruit. But on the plus side, the crown can develop a stronger root system, though it’s not as drought resistant as other methods.
There are some growers who suggest to allow the crown to dry for two weeks before planting it. Other growers say to let it root in a glass of water and yet other growers advise planting the crown immediately without rooting it. It is up to you to figure what works the best.
Planting Pineapple Slips
Plants known as slips grow from the base of the plant and come up from the sides of the stalk (also called the peduncle) and have a curvy shape. They are basically like a smaller version of the larger plant.
Those begin to form around half-way through the mother plant. You can break off the slips by handoff after about 10 and 13 months for planting.
When harvested from the peduncle, they should be planted as soon as possible, and they do not have to be dried. You can start to see fruit as soon as 24 months after planting into the soil.
Planting Pineapple Suckers
In addition, suckers are plantlets that grow off of the peduncle but are larger and older. Suckers grow from a bud which means you will have to remove them with a knife.
Plants that tend to flower will have a negative impact on yield and harvesting so you should understand that if you grow them you may run into some problems.
This variety is the fastest growing, fruiting as soon as 16 months. It produces “ratoon crops” if the suckers go unattended on the peduncle.
Planting Pineapple Hapas
A healthy hapas sits between a small slip and a larger sucker. It can be broken off easily by hand. A healthy hapa is much straighter than a slip, and grows from its base.
Forcing Pineapple Growth
It is recommended that you do some research on how each of these methods works before you start planting pineapple.
If you want fruit as soon as possible, there are some things you can do. It’s a matter of getting to know and understanding the flowering period, not the fruiting stage. Once the flowering period has occurred, it takes about five to seven months for fruit to appear.
Perfect Location For A Pineapple Plant
Although pineapples can grow almost anywhere, you will have an easier time growing them in a warm and sunny place that drains well. So, you’ll have an easier time growing pineapple in California than you will in Maine, for examples.
These sweet, juicy, and fruity plants thrive in pots, which is why they are great to grow indoors. But like most plants, they do best when grown in the wide, open earth.
In the 11-12 growing zone, then the plant’s outgrowth can be left as it will produce more plants.
It is essential that you take extra care when working with this plant indoors, since all plantlets and outgrowths must be removed in order to ensure a healthy, faster growing plant.
Ideal Temperature For Pineapple Plants
It is ideal for pineapples to maintain a temperature range between 68oF and 85oF to produce the most delicious and best-tasting fruit. However, you can expedite the flowering stage by lowering the temperature, which in turn will speed fruiting.
A shorter period of sunlight can make the plants cooler, leading to flowering. Conversely, if they are neglected and subjected to heat, they will suffer near-drought-like conditions.
You must remember that if you pick the heat option, the fruit will be much smaller. If you go with cold, you will get earlier flowering. This, however, can yield smaller fruit if carried out too early.
If you intend to fertilize your garden with chemicals, you’d be better off doing so during the cooler months as opposed to the warmer ones. Also remember that these chemicals are quite corrosive, so there’s going to be some warning of where to use them as well.
This plant growth regulator was created in 1965 and is currently a popular choice for farmers and big agriculture, but is also effective in the home as well. The fruit of this plant is supposed to result in increased flower production in pineapples when sprayed on or sown in the soil.
- However, it is important to keep in mind that using this product can cause eye, skin, and soft-tissue irritations.
In pineapple plants, this chemical compound turns into acetylene gas when applied with water. It helps to stimulate flowering, but it also has its dangers.
- It has the capacity to be irritating to eyes, skin, nose, throat and lungs, and is extremely flammable.
Fertilizing Pineapple Plants
Pineapple is no different. It requires a good fertilizer to produce beautiful results.
The best liquid fertilizer should have nitrogen, potassium, and magnesium in amounts between 6-10% of the total. The best dry fertilizer will have a similar balance. Liquid fertilizers should contain these as well and be a mild formula.
Plants that are young are fertilized six to eight weeks later. When pineapples begin to mature, they are fertilized more often. The manufacturer’s instructions should always be followed.
It can be a rewarding experience growing pineapples, but you can make them grow faster with some care and continuous observation. Taking the time to research and understand what goes into growing one will give you the best results possible.